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CELE SQE1 模拟练习

Examination Timing: 00H00M45S

John, an accountant at a company, exploited a flaw in the company's accounting system to transfer £10,000 of company funds into his personal account, intending to use the money for personal investments. John's actions constitute theft. He is due to appear in court on 15 September 2023. 


Given John's actions, which one of the following statements is the correct advice regarding his case?

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Under section 1 of the Theft Act 1968, a person is guilty of theft if they dishonestly appropriate property belonging to another with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it.


Actus Reus

The actus reus of theft includes:

  • Appropriation;

  • Of property;

  • Belonging to another.

In this case, John appropriated company funds by transferring them to his own account, which clearly constitutes appropriation of property belonging to another (the company).


Mens Rea

The mens rea of theft includes:

  • Dishonesty;

  • Intention to permanently deprive.

John's actions were dishonest as he exploited a flaw to transfer funds for personal use. He intended to permanently deprive the company of the funds by planning to use the money for personal investments.


Option Analysis

  • Option A: Embezzlement and theft have similarities, but in this case, John's actions align more closely with the legal definition of theft as per the Theft Act 1968.

  • Option B: John's actions were not a misunderstanding; they were deliberate and planned.

  • Option C: This is the correct option. John's actions meet all the elements of theft: dishonesty, appropriation, and intention to permanently deprive.

  • Option D: Theft does not require physical taking; appropriation can occur through actions such as transferring funds.

  • Option E: Returning the money does not negate the dishonest act of appropriation that already occurred.

Key Points:

  1. Appropriation: John appropriated the company’s funds by transferring them into his account.

  2. Dishonesty: John’s exploitation of the system flaw to transfer funds was dishonest.

  3. Intention to Permanently Deprive: John’s intention to use the funds for personal investment indicates an intention to permanently deprive the company of the money.

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