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CELE SQE1 模拟练习

Examination Timing: 00H01M02S

In a promotional campaign, Sweet Treats Ltd. offered a music CD titled "Melancholy Tunes" in exchange for three chocolate bar wrappers and a payment of £0.80 for postage. Melody Records, the publisher of the CD, claims it is entitled to 7.25% of the selling price of each CD and is now suing Sweet Treats Ltd. Sweet Treats Ltd. argues that the chocolate bar wrappers have no direct value and thus cannot be considered part of the consideration.


Were the chocolate bar wrappers part of the consideration in the contract for the CD?

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The chocolate bar wrappers were indeed part of the consideration in the contract to obtain the CD, "Melancholy Tunes". In contract law, consideration is something of value that is exchanged between parties, and it doesn't necessarily have to have intrinsic value. The leading case, Chappell & Co Ltd v Nestlé Co Ltd (1960), established that wrappers can form part of the consideration because they represent part of the deal offered by the company, even if the company ultimately throws them away. This case confirmed that consideration must have some value in the eyes of the law, which was fulfilled by the wrappers representing the purchase of the chocolate bars and fulfilling the terms of the promotion. 


Key Point: Consideration is a fundamental element and is defined as something of value exchanged between the contracting parties. It need not be of significant economic value but must be sufficient and move from the promisee. The wrappers, although discarded, formed part of the promotional consideration, illustrating that consideration can include items or actions specified in the agreement, irrespective of their intrinsic economic value. This principle helps ensure that all parts of a promotional offer are legally binding and enforceable.

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中文解释

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你好!关于你的问题,我很高兴帮助你。有关案例中,Sweet Treats Ltd. 提供 "Melancholy Tunes" 音乐CD 作为促销活动的对象,要求消费者提供三个巧克力条包装纸和0.80英镑的邮费。在此情况下,Melody Records, 作为唱片的发行商,声称它有权获得每张CD售价的7.25%,并对此提起诉讼。Sweet Treats Ltd. 则辩称巧克力条的包装纸没有直接的价值,不能被认为是对CD的对价(consideration)。

在英国合同法中,对价是指合同双方交换的有价值的物品或承诺。这个案例的核心问题在于,巧克力条的包装纸是否可以被视为对价。根据著名案例Chappell & Co Ltd v Nestlé Co Ltd (1960) 的判例,包装纸确实可以被视为对价的一部分。该案例明确了对价可以是任何在法律上有价值的东西,即使它在经济上没有明显的内在价值。

所以,根据现有法律,巧克力条的包装纸构成了获取"Melancholy Tunes" CD 的合同对价的一部分。因此,Melody Records 对每张CD 销售价格的主张是有法律依据的。

### 关键点
- 对价(consideration)是合同的基本要素,指双方交换的有价值的物品或承诺。
- 对价不需要具有显著的经济价值,但必须在法律上被视为有价值。
- 尽管包装纸最终可能被丢弃,但它们代表了消费者购买巧克力条并满足促销的条件,从而构成合法的对价。

希望这个解释能帮助你更好地理解这个案例。如果你有更多问题,随时跟我说!继续保持学习的好奇心,你会做得很好!

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